Northern Mole Kingsnake Conservation - Least Concern
Scientific Name
Lampropeltis rhombomaculata
East of Appalachians
Also Known As
Conant, Brown Kingsnake
Tan or Dark Brown Body With Brown or Tan Blotches
Small Mammals, Lizards, Birds
Litter Size
10 - 12 Eggs per Birth
Life Span
~20 Years
30 - 40 Inches

Quick Links for Northern Mole Kingsnake

Northern Mole Kingsnake Description

Northern Mole Kingsnake Appearance

This snake tends to be a light brown or gray color with dark brown, orange, or reddish blotches along it’s body.

It is important to note that juveniles tend to be more colorful, with more vivid markings.


This snake is usually between 30 to 40 inches long, however, the record length for this snake is about 56.25 inches. The record found in Virginia is 46.8 inches.

Juveniles tend to be 8 to 9 inches long.

Northern Mole Kingsnake

These snakes can be Tan, Brown, or even a Chestnut color like this one.

Northern Mole Kingsnake Behavior

These snakes are not aggressive and prefers to run away or hide from humans. However, they do bite, but all bites from this snake is from people who intentionally bother it.

These snakes are rarely seen in the wild as these snakes are diggers and hiders and only come out at night. When they are found they usually are seen under boards or other debris near the forest edge.

It is illegal in Virginia to keep Wild Snakes as pets

Range and Habitat of The Northern Mole Kingsnake


They can be found between the mountains and the coast, although some have been spotted in the Gloucester area and Northeast Virginia. These snakes can be found all throughout the south reaching to Mississippi, and as far north as Maryland.


Kingsnakes prefer the same habitat as other Colubrids such as the milk snake and Copperhead. These snakes prefer forests and fields, or in other words areas with a lot of cover. These snakes are diggers, and are rarely seen in the suburbs, however they can be seen in the forests’ edge.

Northern Mole Kingsnake Map Range

They can be found between the mountains and the coast.

Diet of Northern Mole Kingsnake

They feed on lizards, snakes, birds, and small mammals. These snakes are constrictors and will squeeze their prey to kill.

Reproduction and Young


Mating season for these snakes is between May and June,

Eggs and Young

After mating, females choose their nesting sites underground or in rotting logs and leave their 10-12 eggs to hatch in the summer. The mother does not watch over the eggs, but rather once the eggs have been laid, the mother leaves never returning. It takes about ten days for the hatched snakes to be fully independent.
Northern Mole Kingsnake

These snakes only bite humans who bother them.

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