These snakes’ appearance can vary wildly. In Virginia, there are three different appearances of this snake called phases.
The back of this snake is brown or gray, peppered in black. These have brown to reddish blotches on them. These blotches are always surrounded by a black outline.
They have red rings separated from yellow rings by black rings. These patterns are extremely rare here in Virginia, and it is possible they don’t occur here at all.
Red, Yellow, and black rings, that form blotches. Blotches also appear on the sides as well. These snakes tend to be the in-between from blotched and banded phases
This snake is rather small, with adults being 7.5 – 11 inches tall. The record size was 13 inches. Females tend to be an inch larger on average.